As well as humans, our planet is home to millions of species of animals, flora and fauna. It also hosts an array of amazing habitats which can be found both on land and in the sea. All of this combined makes up nature all around us here on Earth.

Our diverse habitats which support a rich variety of wildlife include forests, peatlands, bogs and salt marshes as well as wetlands, deserts and swamps, grasslands and sand dunes, underwater seagrass meadows and kelp forests to name a few. It’s likely that we may never visit some of these places, yet they all play a hugely important role in the lives of humans and their health is vital for our survival too.

This is because alongside supporting species, many of nature’s habitats also have the ability to help lessen the impact of climate change, but these very habitats and the species which they support are now being impacted by climate change too. Experts have highlighted that climate change and the loss of nature are problems which are linked and which must be tackled together.


Peatlands are one of the most valuable ecosystems on Earth – although they occupy just 3% of the Earth’s land surface, they are of enormous importance to the stability and general wellbeing of our environment.

Peatlands support a range of specialised plants and animals and also act as a major store of soil carbon. Peatlands also provide a range of other ecosystem services, such as water purification, flood alleviation, recreational opportunities and contain a historical archive.

Interesting fact – peatlands store more carbon than all other vegetation types in the world combined.

Read more articles below on the ways in which nature is being impacted by human behaviour and climate change, and the steps we can all take to help make things better.

COP 15 – Biological Diversity

The 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity will take place in Kunming, China, from 11-24 October 2021.
COP 15 will set out the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, including a new set of goals for nature over the next decade.

Peatlands Restoration at CAFRE’s Hill Farm Centre

CAFRE (College of Agriculture, Food & Rural Enterprise) is developing ecosystem service delivery from the peatlands of its Hill Farm Centre in Glenwherry Co Antrim, through a 10-year re-wetting and restoration programme, that commenced in 2020. 
Learn more about the valuable work being done to restore this valuable natural resource.

Invasive Non-Native Species

What are invasive species and where do they come from? Invasive Non-Native species (INNS) are species that have been introduced (deliberately or accidentally) by humans and have a negative impact